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11 Garlic Companion Vegetation

Companion planting is a great tool for any yard gardener. Whether or not you are rising greens, herbs, fruits, or flowers, pairing vegetation with comparable and contrasting traits permits you to enhance flavors, improve pest management, suppress ailments, and increase productiveness with none additional effort in your half.

Garlic vegetation (Allium sativum) are versatile companion companions for a wide range of vegetation, from raspberries to dill. The wealthy aroma deters predators and pests, whereas the plant’s inherent anti-fungal properties assist push back ailments. The deep roots make it a useful counterpart to shallow lettuces and greens, and the plant even boosts the flavour of different close by edibles.

Then again, there are numerous companion vegetation that give garlic a lift by enhancing taste, defending it from pests, and extra. Add one—or extra—of those expert-recommended garlic companion vegetation to your backyard to enhance your harvest and lighten your workload.


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Garlic and roses are each well-known for his or her wealthy aromas that will make an odd pairing—besides when used as companion vegetation, says Carrie Spoonemore, co-creator of Park Seed’s From Seed to Spoon app. Garlic’s highly effective scent can deter aphids from settling in your prized blooms. “In flip, roses present partial shade, which might help garlic retain moisture within the soil, particularly throughout hotter months,” she says. “The rose’s dense foliage can even act as a windbreak, defending garlic from harsh winds.”

  • Zones: 3 to 10, relying on selection
  • Measurement: 1 to twenty toes tall x 1 to fifteen toes large
  • Care necessities: Full solar; well-draining soil


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Garlic and tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) are a basic taste mixture present in cuisines everywhere in the world. Within the backyard, they pair simply as properly: “Garlic might help repel pink spider mites that always assault tomato vegetation—plus, it’s identified to enhance the flavour of tomatoes when planted close by,” says Spoonemore. Taller tomato vegetation assist garlic by offering partial shade that retains soil moist throughout the hottest a part of its rising season. Plus, when tomato vegetation drop leaves, they add vitamins to the soil as they decompose.

  • Zones: 2 to 10
  • Measurement: 3 to eight toes tall x 2 to 4 toes large
  • Care necessities: Full solar; well-draining soil


digihelion / Getty Photographs

Garlic’s antibacterial and anti-fungal properties make it a good selection for companion planting with cucumber (Cucumis sativus), because it helps the plant resist an infection from downy mildew and powdery mildew, says Spoonemore. In the meantime, low-growing cucumber vines create floor cowl that wards off weeds and permits the soil round your garlic to remain moist.

  • Zones: 4 to 12
  • Measurement: 2 to six toes tall x 3 to eight toes large
  • Care necessities: Full solar; well-draining soil


samael334 / Getty Photographs

Garlic’s pest-prevention and anti-fungal qualities can have large advantages for carrots (Daucus carota), which thrive beneath garlic’s safety. “Garlic can deter root maggots and assist cut back the incidence of fungal ailments,” says Spoonemore. “In flip, carrots have deep roots that assist aerate the soil, bettering drainage and making it simpler for garlic roots to develop. Carrots can even assist break up the soil, which advantages garlic.”

  • Zones: 3 to 10
  • Measurement: 3 to 36 inches tall x 2 to three inches large
  • Care necessities: Full solar to partial shade; moist, well-draining soil


By Eve Livesey / Getty Photographs

Dill (Anethum graveolens) and garlic are helpful to one another in a number of methods. Not solely does dill enhance the flavour of garlic, however it might additionally attract predatory bugs that would in any other case assault garlic vegetation, says Spoonemore. In the meantime, the garlic repels aphids that would harm dill. 

  • Zones: 2 to 11
  • Measurement: 2 to five toes tall x 2 to three toes large
  • Care necessities: Full solar to partial shade; well-draining soil


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Garlic and spinach have mutually helpful progress habits that make them profitable companion vegetation, says Spoonemore. “Garlic can act as a pure barrier in opposition to weeds, benefiting close by spinach vegetation,” she says. “Spinach grows rapidly and offers floor cowl, serving to to retain soil moisture and suppress weeds that compete with garlic. Its fast progress can even present shade for younger garlic vegetation.”

  • Zones: 2 to 9
  • Measurement: 6 to 12 inches tall x 6 to 12 inches large
  • Care necessities: Full solar to gentle shade; well-draining soil


Francesca Yorke/ Getty Photographs

Planting shallow-rooted lettuce (Lactuca sativa) alongside deeper-growing garlic permits you to maximize the area in your planting mattress. “Lettuce grows rapidly and offers floor cowl, serving to retain soil moisture for garlic,” says Spoonemore. “Garlic’s sturdy odor masks the scent of lettuce, lowering pest attraction.”

  • Zones: 2 to 11
  • Measurement: 6 to 12 inches tall x 6 to 12 inches large
  • Care necessities: Full solar to partial shade; well-draining soil


Douglas Sacha / Getty Photographs

In case your backyard has area for garlic alongside brassicas—like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, and Brussels sprouts—use the garlic for pest management whereas brassicas assist your bulbs thrive. “Garlic is understood to repel pests that generally have an effect on brassicas, reminiscent of cabbage loopers and cabbage worms,” says Spoonemore. “Brassicas present floor cowl that helps retain soil moisture for garlic. Additionally they assist enhance soil construction, making it extra conducive for garlic progress.”

  • Zones: 2 to 11
  • Measurement: Plant-dependent
  • Care necessities: Full solar; well-draining soil


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The chemical interactions that permit garlic to spice up the flavour of tomatoes work on raspberries (Rubus idaeus), too: “Planting garlic close to raspberries might help them thrive and produce extra flavorful fruit,” says Spoonemore. “On the similar time, raspberries present a shaded atmosphere that helps garlic retain moisture within the soil. The decaying leaves from raspberries can even act as mulch, including natural matter and bettering soil high quality.”

  • Zones: 4 to eight
  • Measurement: 3 to five toes tall and large
  • Care necessities: Full solar; well-draining soil

Fruit Timber

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Whereas garlic helps fruit bushes resist ailments like leaf curl on peach bushes and apple scab on apple bushes, planting garlic across the tree’s base additionally prevents juicy harvests from borers and different pests, says Spoonemore. The shade the bushes present prevents the garlic and surrounding soil from drying out. Plus, the fallen leaves from fruit bushes act as mulch, enriching the soil and enhancing garlic progress, says Spoonemore.

  • Zones: Plant-dependent
  • Measurement: Plant-dependent
  • Care necessities: Full solar; well-draining soil


Catherine McQueen/Getty Photographs

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) and garlic are well-known planting companions. “Yarrow attracts helpful bugs like ladybugs and parasitic wasps, which might help management aphid populations,” says Spoonemore. “In flip, garlic repels pests with its sturdy scent and helps to maintain dangerous bugs away from yarrow, making a more healthy atmosphere for each vegetation to develop.”

  • Zones: 3 to 9
  • Measurement: 1 to three toes tall x 1 to 2 toes large
  • Care necessities: Full solar; well-draining soil

Vegetation to Keep away from Pairing with Garlic

Although garlic can have a mutually helpful relationship with many kinds of herbs, greens, fruits, and flowers, keep away from rising it subsequent to those vegetation, says Spoonemore:

  • Beans and Peas: Cooked garlic could also be a tasty complement to legume-based dishes, however within the backyard, garlic can inhibit the expansion of beans, peas, and different legumes.
  • Asparagus: Like different vegetation within the allium household, garlic competes with asparagus for vitamins and root area, disrupting the expansion of wholesome asparagus stalks.
  • Sage and Parsley: Like garlic, these herbs desire dry, well-drained soil, however will be negatively affected by its presence, says Spoonemore. The sturdy odor and progress sample of garlic can inhibit the expansion of those herbs.

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